The Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform, Ms Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, will host the Women and Youth on Land Reform Dialogue from 19th – 21st September 2018 at Birchwood Hotel & Conference Centre in Boksburg, Gauteng Province.
Also confirmed to attend are the ANCWL President and Minister of Women, Ms Bathabile Dlamini and Minister of Monitoring and Evaluation in the Presidency, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma. They will address the delegates on Wednesday the 19th and Thursday the 20th September, respectively.
The conference will, amongst others, focus on the following:
EVICTION OF FARM WORKERS & THE AFTERMATH
Statistics show that over a period of ten years, nearly two million farm workers or dwellers were evicted whilst over four million were displaced due to evictions. From this staggering number, about 77% were women and children. Of great concern in these incidents was the ignorance to children rights. These evictees were subjected to poor conditions, non-payment of wages, and use of foreign workers, and reluctance of law enforcement officials to act. The number of people displaced from farms includes those evicted and others who left out of their own choice due to difficult circumstance on the farm; however, these are not counted as evictees.
The evictees are black South Africans who have a very low level of education, with 37% having no education at all. A shocking 76% have not gone beyond primary school, leaving them functionally illiterate. These evictees lived in poverty on the farms and continue to live in poverty today out whilst their former bosses live a rich life from their labour. Many of those evicted were long term occupiers on the farms they were evicted from. 58.5% of the adults had lived on the farm for more than ten years. In addition, 15% of the adults evicted were born on the farm and over 56% of evicted children were born on the farm. Clearly many of those affected by evictions are not transient workers. They are families with long histories on the farm and sometimes even longer term connections with the areas.
Women and children are the most vulnerable as they are often treated by land owners and the courts as secondary occupiers, allowed on farms only through their link with a male household member. When a man in a farm dweller household is fired or dies, the owner often uses this as a reason to evict the rest of the household.
ERADICATION OF POVERTY REQUIRES DEDICATED WOMEN’S ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT
No country can progress if it isolates 50% of its population. Women make up half the world's population and yet represent a staggering 70% of the world's poor. We live in a world in which women living in poverty face gross inequalities and injustice from birth to death.
From poor education to poor nutrition to vulnerable and low pay employment, the sequence of discrimination that a woman may suffer during her entire life is unacceptable but all too common
Women living in poverty are more vulnerable to slavery, violence, and discrimination. Modern day slavery is generally broken into four categories: forced labor, forced marriage, forced sexual exploitation, and state-forced labor.
The cure for poverty has a name; it is called the empowerment of women. The existence of poor countries and poor populations is not an economic benefit to anyone
It is a known fact that poverty and disempowerment go hand-in-hand. As income increases to all genders, poverty goes down, so do women become more empowered. Development interventions which focus on practical gender needs, including women’s income and material assets, will therefore lead both to reduced poverty and to increased female empowerment.
FEAR FOR POTENTIAL LOSS OF LABOUR BY WHITE FARMERS
In the process of rural development and transformation, as employment for both women and men expands in other sectors, employment in the agricultural sector is expected to shrink. The big question people can ask is: “Ïs the vehement opposition to land reform and its proposed acceleration mechanism be linked to this?”
The question arises because women constitute more than 50% of farms labour force and are involved at all levels of production.
YOUTH HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IS A TICKING TIME BOMB
Statistics SA released the country's latest unemployment figures on May 2018, indicating that the unemployment rate has remained unchanged in the first sector of 2018, at 26.7 percent. Unemployment among young people between the ages of 24 and 35 is 35.4 percent, and there are nearly 3-million young people in South Africa not currently in training, education or active job-seeking.
Development of youth depends very much on employment as it is a key factor in the transition from youth to adulthood and from dependence to independence. The failure of this transitional period has known negative results. The youth miss learning by doing opportunities, loss of freedom of decision-making and responsibility associated with being in gainful employment; lose opportunity to make choices presented by salaries, psychological harm of prolonged joblessness and ill health due to the stress of joblessness and loss of human relations.
GIRLS ALARMING PREGNANT RATE & SCHOOL DROPOUTS
According to findings, nearly one-third of teen girls who have dropped out of high school cite early pregnancy or parenthood as a key reason. Only 40 percent of teen moms finish high schools, and less than two percent of teen mothers who gave birth before the age of 18, finish college by age of 30. Teen pregnancy leads to negative health and social outcomes for both teen mothers and their children.
Renowned subjects’ expert will present papers on these topics as well as making proposals and provide links with relevant entities to empower women and the youth, including measures which could be implemented to prevent the youth from going astray
Members of the Media are invited as follows:
Date : 20 September 2018
Time : 10H00
Venue : Birchwood Conference Centre, Boksburg
For accreditation kindly send your information to the following official:
Mr Jabulani Malinga: Communication Services
Tel (012) 312 8376
Cell: 073 511 3986
Mr. Tshepo Diale: Communication Services
Tel: 012 312 8532
Cell: 071 850 1751
Further enquiries should be forwarded to: Strategic Communications: Ms Phuti Mabelebele (Spokesperson) on 012 312 8909/ 076 402 7521 or Phuti.Mabelebele@drdlr.gov.za and Mr Moses Rannditsheni (Media Liaison Officer) on 012 312 9712/082 448 2450 or Moses.Rannditsheni@drdlr.gov.za